No Credit Due: The World Bank and IMF in Africa

The Institute for Global Dialogue is an independent South African non-government organisation that provides policy analysis on the changing global environment and its impact on South Africa for the benefit of government and civil society.

This paper seeks to explain the policy-based lending progamme of the World Bank (WB), and the significance of its . . . → Read More: No Credit Due: The World Bank and IMF in Africa

The Environmental Food Crisis: The Environment’s Role In Averting Future Food Crises

In 2008 food prices surged plunging millions back into hunger and triggering riots from Egypt to Haiti and Cameroon to Ban- gladesh. Whereas fuel prices, which also surged, have fallen back sharply food prices remain problematic with wheat, corn and soya still higher than they were 12-18 months ago.

In order to understand the . . . → Read More: The Environmental Food Crisis: The Environment’s Role In Averting Future Food Crises

Is Urbanization Contributing to Higher Food Prices?

The recent spike in food prices has led to a renewal of interest in agricultural issues and in the long-term drivers of food prices. Urbanization has been mentioned as one possible cause of higher food prices. In this paper we examine some of the links through which urbanization is considered to be contributing to . . . → Read More: Is Urbanization Contributing to Higher Food Prices?

The State of African Cities 2008: A Framework for Addressing Urban Challenges in Africa

This is the first issue in an evolving series of state of the African cities reports, intended to provide both a tool and a platform for debate on urban issues within Africa. It aims to provide focus and encouragement to African governments at the central and local level as well as to other key . . . → Read More: The State of African Cities 2008: A Framework for Addressing Urban Challenges in Africa

Reconnecting Joined-up Approaches: Nation-building through state-building

This paper examines the tensions between the long-term goal of building government capacity as the basis for sustainable development and the equally important but shorter-term goal of securing a political settlement and delivering basic security. When these two objectives are pursued separately, they can conflict with each other. The need for quick results on . . . → Read More: Reconnecting Joined-up Approaches: Nation-building through state-building

The Food Crisis and its Implications for Agricultural Development

Since January 2006, the prices of corn, wheat, and soybeans on world markets have more than doubled, and rice prices have tripled. These price increases have contributed to 5.1% food inflation in the United States, but the impact on consumers in developing countries is much greater. This is because food represents a much . . . → Read More: The Food Crisis and its Implications for Agricultural Development

Responding to the World Food Crisis: Getting on the Right Track

Rising prices have a way of shining a bright light on any sector, no matter how overlooked previously. The rapid run-up in food prices is no exception. Food may be an essential good, but when food prices spent decades moving downward, the food sector held little interest for policymakers and investors. Now, with the . . . → Read More: Responding to the World Food Crisis: Getting on the Right Track

Fragile States: Defining Difficult Environments for Poverty Reduction

In recent years, there has been growing concern over the impact of weak or ineffective states. Sovereign states are expected to perform certain minimal functions for the security and well being of their citizens, as well as the smooth working of the international system. In simple terms, people need states to work. States that . . . → Read More: Fragile States: Defining Difficult Environments for Poverty Reduction

Managing Contradictions: The Inherent Dilemmas of Postwar Statebuilding

Statebuilding has become a central focus of multidimen- sional peace operations in war-torn societies. But efforts to construct legitimate, effective state institutions are rife with tensions and contradictions. Understanding these tensions and contradictions is essential for anticipating many of the practical problems that international agencies face in the course of statebuilding operations and for . . . → Read More: Managing Contradictions: The Inherent Dilemmas of Postwar Statebuilding

Translating faith into development

Published by Islamic Relief Worldwide.

Inspired by Islamic teachings, the number of Muslim faith-based relief and development organisations in the United Kingdom has grown rapidly since the 1980s. There are now 11 Muslim charities each with an annual income of more than £1 million whose focus is specifically on providing humanitarian relief and promoting . . . → Read More: Translating faith into development

The State Of Food And Agriculture: Biofuels: Prospects, Risks and Opportunities

More than at any time in the past three decades, the world’s attention is focused this year on food and agriculture. A variety of factors have combined to raise food prices to the highest levels since the 1970s (in real terms), with serious implications for food security among poor populations around the world. One . . . → Read More: The State Of Food And Agriculture: Biofuels: Prospects, Risks and Opportunities

Deriving Food Security Information From National Household Budget Surveys

This document is a compilation of papers authored by national officers with the collaboration of FAO professionals involved in food security using food security statistics from 11 countries in Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe. The document also includes papers reporting on methodological issues related to the estimation of food deprivation in countries in terms . . . → Read More: Deriving Food Security Information From National Household Budget Surveys

How to leverage the co-operative movement for poverty reduction

Co-operatives, credit unions, and other forms of self-help organisations are an important, but sometimes overlooked, part of the institutional map in the economic and social sectors of developing nations. This How to note is relevant to development practitioners and partners active in the promotion of enterprise, employment and incomes, and seeks to indicate opportunities . . . → Read More: How to leverage the co-operative movement for poverty reduction

Commodity Terms of Trade: The History of Booms and Busts

In this paper, we compile a historical dataset covering nearly 40 years of booms and busts in the commodity terms of trade of over 150 countries. We discuss the characteristics of these events and their effects on key macroeconomic variables and, in particular, compare the most recent commodity-price cycle with its historical precedents. Our . . . → Read More: Commodity Terms of Trade: The History of Booms and Busts

The Feeding of the Nine Billion: Global Food Security for the 21st Century

Global food prices have eased significantly from their record highs in the first part of 2008. As a worldwide economic downturn has gathered pace, commodity markets have weakened significantly. By October 2008, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s Food Price Index stood at 164, the same level as in August 2007, and 25% lower . . . → Read More: The Feeding of the Nine Billion: Global Food Security for the 21st Century